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Battle Lines Harden as Hearings Start  11/14 06:18

   With historic impeachment hearings underway, Democrats and Republicans are 
hardening their arguments over the actions of President Donald Trump as they 
set out to win over a deeply polarized American public.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- With historic impeachment hearings underway, Democrats 
and Republicans are hardening their arguments over the actions of President 
Donald Trump as they set out to win over a deeply polarized American public.

   Democrats say Wednesday's extraordinary public session in the House revealed 
a striking account of Trump abusing his office by pressing the newly elected 
president of Ukraine for political investigations of rival Democrats, all while 
holding up needed military aid. "Bribery," they said, and "extortion."

   Republicans counter that the hearing showed none of that. They say the two 
seasoned diplomats at the witness table had, at best, secondhand accounts of 
Trump's July 25 call that's central to the impeachment inquiry. There was no 
pressure on the young Ukraine leader, they argue, and eventually the aid 
flowed, though only after Congress intervened.

   Day One of the rare public hearings in the House --- part of only the fourth 
formal impeachment effort in U.S. history --- set the contours for a 
once-in-a-generation political struggle. Images and audio from the hearing 
popped up on television, in earbuds and on the partisan silos of social media, 
providing the first close-up look at the investigation.

   "The president sought to advance his political and personal interests at the 
expense of U.S. national security," said Rep. Adam Schiff of California, the 
Democratic chairman of the House Intelligence Committee leading the probe.

   "Is this now going to be the new normal?" Schiff asked. 

   Hosting the president of Turkey at the White House, Trump insisted he was 
too busy to watch the hearings being broadcast live across the country and the 
world. He denied a fresh detail from one of the witnesses about a phone call in 
which he was overheard asking about "the investigations."

   "First I've heard of it," Trump told reporters during a news conference. 

   A different conversation sparked the impeachment investigation, Trump's July 
25 phone call with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskiy, heard by several 
government officials and detailed in a partial transcript released to the 
public weeks ago. The core moment came when Trump asked the newly elected 
leader for "a favor."

   House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., said Wednesday that the 
Democrats' first witness "wasn't on the phone call, never met with the 
president, never talked to the chief of staff. And he's their star witness?"

   Trump wanted Ukraine's government to investigate Democrats' activities in 
the 2016 election and his potential 2020 rival Joe Biden --- all while the 
administration was withholding military aid for the Eastern European ally as it 
confronted an aggressive neighbor, Russia.

   All day, the two diplomats delivered a dramatic, though complicated, 
account. They testified about how an ambassador was fired, the new Ukraine 
government was confused and they discovered an "irregular channel" --- a shadow 
U.S. foreign policy orchestrated by the president's personal lawyer, Rudy 
Giuliani, that raised alarms in diplomatic and national security circles.

   Trump restated his aggressive defense with rapid-fire tweets, a video from 
the Rose Garden and a dismissive retort from the Oval Office: "It's a witch 
hunt. It's a hoax."

   Career diplomat William Taylor, the charge d'affaires in Kyiv, offered new 
testimony that a staff member recently told him of overhearing Trump when they 
were meeting with another diplomat, U.S. Ambassador Gordon Sondland, at a 
restaurant the day after Trump's July 25 phone call.

   The staff member explained that Sondland had called the president and they 
could hear Trump on the phone asking about "the investigations," Taylor said. 
Sondland told the president the Ukrainians were ready to move forward, Taylor 
testified as he repeated the staff member's account.

   In the face of Trump's denial, Schiff expects the person to appear before 
investigators for a closed-door deposition. He is David Holmes, the political 
counselor at the embassy in Kyiv, according to an official unauthorized to 
discuss the matter and granted anonymity.

   Across the country, millions of Americans were tuning in --- or, in some 
cases, deliberately tuning out.

   Viewers on the right and left thought the day underscored their feelings. 
Anthony Harris, cutting hair in Savannah, Georgia, had the hearing on in his 
shop, but he said, "It's gotten to the point now where people are even tired of 

   The hours of partisan back-and-forth did not appear to leave a singular 
moment etched in the public consciousness the way the Watergate proceedings or 
Bill Clinton's impeachment did generations ago.

   "No real surprises, no bombshells," said committee member Rep. Chris 
Stewart, R-Utah.

   Still, the session unspooled at least partly the way Democrats wanted with 
the somber tones of career foreign service officers telling what they knew. 
They sounded credible.

   The witnesses, the graying Taylor and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State 
George Kent in his bow tie, defied White House instructions not to appear. Both 
had received subpoenas.

   They are among a dozen current and former officials who already testified 
behind closed doors. Days of public hearings will stretch into next week.

   Both Kent and Taylor, who was asked by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to 
return to Ukraine as Trump was firing Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch, defended 
their ousted colleague. She is set to testify Friday.

   A Trump ally on the panel, Republican Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio, mockingly 
called Taylor the Democrats' "star witness" and said he'd "seen church prayer 
chains that are easier to understand than this."

   Taylor, a West Point graduate and an Army infantry officer in Vietnam, 
responded: "I don't consider myself a star witness for anything."

   The top Republican on the panel, Rep. Devin Nunes of California, said Trump 
had a "perfectly good reason" for wanting to investigate the role of Democrats 
in 2016 election interference, giving airtime to a theory that runs counter to 
mainstream U.S. intelligence which found that Russia intervened and favored 

   Nunes accused the Democratic majority of conducting a "scorched earth" 
effort to take down the president after the special counsel's Russia 
investigation into the 2016 election failed to spark impeachment proceedings.

   The veteran foreign service officers delivered heartfelt history lessons 
about Ukraine, a young and hopeful democracy, situated next to Russia but 
reaching out to the West.

   Republicans sought to hear from the anonymous whistleblower whose official 
complaint alerted officials to the July 25 call by subpoenaing him for a closed 
session. The panel voted down the request and Schiff repeatedly denied the GOP 
claim that he knows the person.

   "We will do everything necessary to protect the whistleblower's identity," 
Schiff declared.

   The Constitution sets a dramatic but vague bar for impeachment. There's no 
consensus yet that Trump's actions at the heart of the inquiry meet the 
threshold of "high crimes and misdemeanors."

   House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was initially reluctant to launch a formal 
impeachment inquiry. But she pressed ahead after the whistleblower's complaint. 
She said Wednesday it was sad that the country has to undergo the inquiry with 
Trump but "he will be held accountable."


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